All About Novolac Epoxy
- Epoxy is one of the most common materials used in the construction chemicals industry. You might hear it commonly when we talk about resinous flooring, or in protective coating systems, etc.
- Bisphenol-based epoxy:
- Most of the epoxy products used today are bisphenol-based epoxies. In fact, 75-90% of epoxy resins used globally are Bisphenol-A epoxies.
- Aliphatic epoxy:
- While epoxies are famous for its poor UV-resistance, aliphatic epoxies perform much better under sunlight compared to all other families of epoxies.
- Glycidylamine epoxy:
- Usually used in aerospace applications due to its excellent mechanical properties & thermal resistance
- Novolac epoxy:
- Highly cross-linked polymer formed, making it highly thermal & chemical resistant.
Synthesis of novolac epoxy resin
Novolacs are produced by reacting phenols with formaldehyde (methanal). These are highly functional resins, which carries around 2 to 6 epoxy groups per molecule, and results in a highly cross-linked polymer upon curing.
Bisphenol F, which is also synthesized using phenols & formaldehyde, can be thought of the simplest form of novolac. However, bisphenol F epoxy resins do not the same functionality and properties as that of a true novolac.
Comparison table of properties & characteristics of bis-A, bis-F and novolac epoxy
As seen from the table above, novolac epoxy resins have a much higher functionality and viscosity as compared to that of the bisphenol-based epoxy resins. With its higher functionality & formation of a denser cross-linked polymer, it results in a material of superior chemical resistance. In fact, it is the only epoxy that is able to withstand up to 98% sulphuric acid!
Choosing The Right Epoxy For Your Usage
- While novolac epoxy resins are exceptional in their properties, the material cost is much higher compared to the bisphenol-based resins. Hence, they are usually only used in crucial & critical conditions, where the substrate must be protected from highly acidic or corrosive chemicals.
- Wastewater treatment tanks
- Corrosion protection lining for storage tanks
- Bund lining for manufacturing facilities with exposure to corrosive chemicals
- Desalination plants
- Food processing plants
- Pump and paper mills
- Fertilizer & insecticide plants
- Petroleum refineries
Radar chart comparison of the performance of various epoxy resins
Dri-Gard EP 1800, a high performance Epoxy Novolac coating, was applied as a top coat to complete the whole coating system of the treatment tank.
For a high performance novolac epoxy-based coating, Dritech Chemical recommends Dri-Gard EP 1800. The fully cured Dri-Gard EP 1800 coating is resistant to various chemicals, including:
Chemical Resistance Chart for Dri-Gard EP 1800
(* Any concentration in water)
For more information, please feel free to contact us.
by Elyse Kymberly Teoh
[21 Jan 2021]
15 Dec 2022