Metal Corrosion – Generalized Corrosion & Prevention using Protective Coatings
This article is intends to discuss:
- Corrosion can happen naturally when the metal surface is exposed to corrosive surroundings.
- Corrosion can be classified into two categories: generalized and localized corrosion.
- Anti-corrosion protective coating is one of the most effective solution to corrosion problems.
What is Metal Corrosion?
Corrosion is a natural process that usually happens on metals when the surface is exposed to corrosive surroundings, the corrosion process speeds up when there is exposure to warm environments, acids and salts. Most of the metals used in the industries are susceptible to corrosion and that threatens the lifespan of assets, which can end up contributing huge losses and operational downtime.
Corrosion can be classified into two broad categories: generalized and localized. This article will explore about generalized corrosion and how the application of protective coating can be a lifesaver for corrosion problems.
Generalized corrosion is also known as uniform attack corrosion. This type of corrosion is highly reliable on climatic conditions and the makeup of the material; hence, it usually happens at a slow rate. This type of corrosion is triggered by an electrochemical reaction of anodic and cathodic process which appears over the surface that will eventually result in thinning of the metal until it fails.
Reduction of dissolved oxygen is the primary cause for the corrosion to occur in the natural environment. The process involves cathodic process that which shown as follow reaction:
O2 + 2H2O + 4e = 4OH–
For acidic environment, the cathodic reaction involves reduction of hydrogen ions:
2H+ + 2e = H2
It was known as ‘uniform’ corrosion due to the equal exposure and distribution of metal surface and cathodic reactants, hence loss of dimension occur uniformly.
While it can occur on any metal surfaces in various environmental conditions, it is fairly predictable and easily detected if occur, hence it will only cause minor issues.
Corrosion Prevention & Control
Protective coatings are formulated to provide protection for materials to withstand corrosion, abrasion and all kinds of degradation. Selecting an appropriate coating system depends on many variables such as the type of materials to be coated, the quality required, abrasion and chemical resistance and the environment exposed.
DriTech Chemicals provides a wide range of protective coatings products for corrosion control.
Table 1: Dri-Gard Protective Coating for Metal/Steel Substrates for Corrosion Protection
Please contact us for more information on appropriate protective coating systems for your structures.
by Oh Hui Xuan
[27 January 2022]
15 Dec 2022